The Borage is a very common annual herb native to the Maltese Islands and the wider Mediterranean region. It grows to a general height of 60 - 100 cm. long and contains several bristles and hairs along the stem and leaves. Alternate and simple, the leaves are 5 - 15 cm. long and 3 - 8 cm. wide.
Bear’s breeches is a common herbaceous perennial plant found in the Maltese Islands. It is native to the Mediterranean region stretching from Portugal to northwest Africa and east to Croatia. It is one of the earliest cultivated (rhizomatous) plants. It has also been used in certain architectural and furniture decorative styles.
The Sardinian Warbler is a very abundant bird species across the Maltese islands, 13 cm. long and weighing about 1.2 – 2.5 g. Like most bird species, males and females display distinct plumages which tend to change during breeding and non-breeding seasons.
The Narrow-leaved Ash is a fast growing, light demanding tree indigenous to the Maltese islands. Its natural distribution is the Mediterranean region: stretching from central-southern Europe to northwest Africa and the Caucasus region to the east.
An extremely problematic invasive alien species at Chadwick lakes is the Red swamp crayfish. It is indigenous to southern America and northern Mexico. It is typically dark red in colour, with long claws and bright red bumps along the front and sides of the first pair of legs.
The Giant reed is an extremely abundant invasive species present at Chadwick lakes; this tall perennial cane grows to 6 m in height, possibly 10 m in ideal conditions. It is indigenous to Asia however over centuries has been introduced to every continent where it has become naturalised and invasive in many regions.
The Spanish Sparrow is the commonest resident bird in the Maltese Islands. Strongly gregarious, it can be found both in rural and urban environment, and can be seen in flocks especially after the breeding season is over. The recorded maximum age of a Spanish Sparrow is 11 years.
The Painted frog is the only amphibian found in the Maltese Islands, also found in Sicily and in African countries bordering the Mediterranean. Its population at Chadwick Lakes is the largest in the Maltese Islands, though it can also be found in Buskett, in Gozo, and in many a man-made cisterns.
It is a very rare species, and in 2002, through voluntary efforts, cuttings were taken from native growing trees at Imtaħleb, and planted at Chadwick Lakes, where today they grow adjacent to the White Willow.
Walking along Chadwick Lakes one is bound to hear a sharp unmistakable explosive far-reaching strophes of the Cetti’s warbler’s song: short bursts lasting for about five seconds. The singer is well hidden in dense vegetation, and its song can be heard throughout the year except during July and August: the moulting season.
A bird which can easily be seen during a walk along Chadwick lakes, especially from September to April, is the Robin. The Robin is a common migratory species and some also winters in the Maltese islands, although some do spend the summer, mostly in valleys and near the presence of water.
Chadwick lakes is a good place to see the White Wagtail. This is an insectivorous bird of open country, though it is also seen close to habitations and water. It can be seen searching for worms and insects in open spaces, especially close to farmhouses close to heaps of animal dung.
The Blue hound’s tongue is a biennial herb native to the Maltese Islands and to a wider Mediterranean region. It grows to 60 cm in height displaying green stems densely covered with fine hair. This adaptation helps the plant to deter herbivores from feeding on it.
The Common Elder is a deciduous large shrub or small tree characterised by the large white scented flower clusters and the dark purple-black berries. The distribution of this tree stretches from the Mediterranean region all the way to central and western Europe.
The seven-spot ladybird is an insect belong to the beetle order. It has a body length of 7.6 to 10 mm, with distinctive orange-red front wing covers. These protect the two hindwings beneath, and sport the characteristic seven black spots.
Friar’s cowl is a very common plant one can find during a walk at Chadwick Lakes, found mainly in partial shaded and cool places with moist soil.
The swallow tail butterfly is very easy to identify. It is the largest resident butterfly found in the Maltese Islands.
The common redstart is a small migratory bird which prefers woods and trees in valleys. One can meet this bird at Chadwick Lakes during its visits to our islands during the months of autumn, from September to November, and in spring from March to May.
The Maltese wall lizard can be seen either on the ground, or basking on rocks and cracks in the wall, exposed to the sun. This is the lizard’s territory which it defends against other male lizards.
The showy balloon vine is a herbaceous plant native to Central and South America. It is a species of disturbed ground, colonising gardens, roadsides but most favourably wetlands and riparian corridors.
The large carpenter bee is a common European bee species and among the largest in Europe having a body length of 20 to 28 mm. It’s name derives from its nesting behaviour as nearly all species burrow into deadwood or reeds to create their nest.
The western marsh harrier is large bird of prey native to Eurasia and Northern Africa. The name ‘Circus’ and ‘aeruginosus’ are derived from the Greek language and refers to the circling flight nature of the bird and the rusty colour it has.
The greater water plantain is a perennial flowering aquatic plant native to most of Europe and Asia. It is hairless and grows in shallow water pools and streams.
The western whip snake is a characteristic and frequent reptile across its natural range. It is present across most of southern Europe and avoids the coldest zones.